Sex Differences In The Dark Side Traits
by Furnham, A., Trickey, G., Personality and Individual Differences 50 (2011)
Over 18,366 British adults completed the Hogan Development Survey (HDS), which is a measure derived from the personality disorders framework and designed to identify personality-based performance risks and derailers of interpersonal behaviour. Overall the highest scores were for Obsessive–Compulsive (Diligent/Perfectionist), Histrionic (Vivacious/Dramatic) and Dependent (Dutiful) and lowest for Borderline (Enthusiastic/Excitable), Avoidant (Careful/Cautious) and Schizoid (Independent/Detached).
DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) suggests that there would be sex differences in many disorders particularly Narcissistic, Anti-Social, Schizotypal and Obsessive–Compulsive. Results revealed sex differences on most disorders particularly Avoidant, Schizoid and Anti-Social with males scoring higher on the latter two. Females scored higher on Borderline, Avoidant, Passive–Aggressive, Obsessive Compulsive and Dependent. The smallest sex differences were found for Paranoid, Obsessive–Compulsive, Schizotypal, Passive–Aggressive and Histrionic disorders. Implications of the research are considered.